Courtesy of NOAA
Please note that this web page is the old version of the NOAA Solar Calculator.
Back when this calculator was first created, we decided to use a non-standard
definition of longitude and time zone, to make coordinate entry less awkward.
So on this page, both longitude and time zone are defined as positive to the
west, instead of the international standard of positive to the east of the
We maintain this page as a courtesy to those people who, for whatever reason,
prefer the old calculator. For the rest of you, we encourage you to instead
Select a location from the City pulldown menu, OR select
"Enter Lat/Long ->" from the pulldown menu, and manually
enter the latitude, longitude and time zone information in the
appropriate text boxes. The following sign conventions are used:
|Positive in Western Hemisphere
||Positive in Northern Hemisphere
|Negative in Eastern Hemisphere
||Negative in Southern Hemisphere
Latitude and Longitude can be in deg/min/sec, or decimal degrees entered in
the "Deg:" field. If you select a city from the pulldown menu, the latitude,
longitude and time zone fields will be filled in automatically. If you want to input
latitude, longitude or time zone manually, be sure to select "Enter Lat/Long -->"
from the City pulldown box, or your numbers will be overwritten by the
selected city's location.
You can enter a different time zone for a location by selecting
"Enter Lat/Long -->" in the City pulldown box. Otherwise, the time zone associated with
the selected city's Local Standard Time will be automatically entered.
Selecting "Yes" in the Daylight Saving field will cause the resulting sunrise,
sunset and solar noon times to be adjusted forward one hour. If you are
uncertain of the time zone for a location, refer to our
Time Zone Table.
The program retrieves the current date from your computer, and fills the
month, day and year fields. To perform calculations for a different date,
simply select a month in the pull down menu, and enter the day and four digit
year in the appropriate input boxes. When entering a day or year, you will
need to click the "Calculate Sunrise/Sunset" button to update the results for
Once the calculation results are displayed, you may use your web browser's
"Print" function to obtain a hardcopy of the results.
For locations above the Arctic Circle and below the Antarctic Circle, when
a sunrise or sunset does not occur on the given day the program locates the
local time and date of the
most recent sunrise or sunset, and the next sunset or sunrise. When this
occurs, the UTC fields will display "prior" or "next" information instead
of the UTC times.
NOTE: For latitudes greater than 72 degrees N and S, calculations are
accurate to within 10 minutes. For latitudes less than +/- 72° accuracy
is approximately one minute. See Solar Calculation
Details for further explanation.
Aaron Horiuchi and Chris Lehman
All for the Love of Hiking!